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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11316/638

Title: Shifting paradigms in ecosystem based approach : An case of forest fi re history in United States and the science policy interface of them
Authors: Kohsaka, Ryo
Huntsinger, Lynn
Mori, Akira
Uchiyama, Yuta
コウサカ, リョウ
モリ, アキラ
ウチヤマ, ユウタ
Keywords: Ecosystem approach
expert-led planning
equilibrium
participation
science policy interface
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2017
Publisher: 久留米大学ビジネス研究所
Abstract: We review the paradigm shifts from an expert-led planning approach to a more adaptive and“open”process symbolized in the term“ecosystem approach”or“ecosystembased approach”. This paradigm shift was caused in circumstances that expert-led planning did not perform effi ciently and various environmental problems were diffi cult to solve without more open and adoptive approach. Yet, ecosystem approach has not been established. For example, issues including participation of stakeholders remain. Role and signifi cance of science policy interface was overlooked in the era of expert-led planning. It is necessary to elaborate the appropriate interface that make eff ective participation of stakeholders be possible. In this paper, the shift is illustrated and analyzed with the example of historic perspective of the US forest fires. Implications for policy making are drawn from the case how participatory approach can be accommodated with the scientific rigor. This historical analysis reveals that the current forests with frequent forest fires and strong drought stress in the US were formed in the contexts of the forest reserves mainly from early 20th century and the environmentalism including prejudice on the pre-modern environmental managements. In recent years, synergies of the diff erent types of knowledges including traditional and indigenous knowledges are explored. In this context, development of the methods for reflecting voices of various stakeholders with those knowledges to environmental managements, and the methods to elaborate trust among the stakeholders are urgent issues.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11316/638
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