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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11316/338

Title: Productive Use of Grammar : Effects of Three Types of Exercises
Other Titles: 使える文法を目指して : 3タイプの文法練習の効果
Authors: 河内, 千栄子
Kawauchi, Chieko
カワウチ, チエコ
Keywords: grammar rules
productive use
learning tasks
learning effects
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2014
Publisher: 久留米大学外国語教育研究所
Abstract: This study investigated the effectiveness of three types of grammar exercises. Students were asked to complete multiple reading, fill-in-the-blank and sentence writing exercises, all of which either contained or solicited the correct usage of target grammar functions. Target grammar items included the usage of “see/hear/make,” causative “have,” and “want/let.” Seventy-four low-intermediate students were taught these rules through one of the three types of exercises. English translation tests were administered immediately after each exercise, followed by delayed tests one week later. Overall results for the fill-in exercise proved significantly higher than for the reading and writing exercises in the immediate test. There was a perceived difference in the degree of rule difficulty. The immediate scores for the causative “have” in reading and writing were significantly lower than the other target rules, suggesting its being the most difficult rule. In contrast, the fill-in exercise did not show any significant differences, suggesting that this exercise might be effective even for difficult linguistic forms. However, the effect of the fill-in exercise was not maintained in the delayed test. Students reported that the writing exercise was the most difficult and the least enjoyable of all, but nevertheless as useful as the other exercises.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11316/338
Appears in Collections:第21号

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